New figures from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) show that at the end of April 2023, there were 3.3 million people across Great Britain claiming Personal Independence Payment (PIP), including almost 300,000 living in Scotland. The Scottish figure will continue to decrease over the coming months as more existing claimants are transferred to Adult Disability Payment (ADP).
The new devolved disability benefit replaced new claims for PIP in Scotland last summer along with a phased migration from DWP to the Social Security Scotland welfare system which is expected to be completed by the end of 2025. Following the annual benefits uprating in April, a successful claim for PIP or ADP is worth between £26.90 and £172.75 each week in additional financial support and as the benefit is paid every four weeks, this amounts to between £107.60 and £691.00 every payment period.
Some 547 health conditions are being supported by PIP or ADP, but the list is not definitive and contains an ‘unknown’ category.
The statistics from DWP for PIP conditions indicates an increase in the number of people claiming for Psychiatric Disorders, which includes a wide number of conditions including anxiety, stress, depression and learning disorders.
April saw the nationwide number of claimants for these types of conditions rise to 1,221,883. The number of people claiming for Musculoskeletal Conditions such as arthritis, joint, chronic or back pain and hip disorders increased to 1,045,586.
PIP breakdown – April 2023
- Scotland: 298,427 (does not include those on ADP)
- England and Wales: 2,988,37
- Living abroad: 2,184
- Total: 3,289,162
Total number of PIP categories:
- Disability category – 21 (including unknown or missing)
- Disability Sub Group – 178
- Disability – 547
Five most commonly recorded disabling conditions
Psychiatric disorder – 37%
- This includes mixed anxiety, stress, depressive and mood disorders, OCD and cognitive disorders.
Musculoskeletal disease (general) – 20%
- This includes muscle or joint pain and arthritic conditions.
Neurological disease – 13%
- This includes muscular dystrophy, epilepsy, headache, multiple sclerosis, neuropathy and other movement disorders.
Musculoskeletal disease (regional) – 12%
- This includes neck, back, shoulders, elbow, wrists, hands, hip, knee and ankle pain.
Respiratory disease – 4%
- This includes asthma, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, pulmonary fibrosis and cystic fibrosis.
Some 35 per cent of all claims with entitlement to PIP at the end of April 2023 are in receipt of the highest level of award. An award for PIP or ADP can also lead to additional support for housing costs, council tax, other benefits and reduced travel on public transport.
Disabling conditions and number of claimants – April 2023
These are the main disability categories, the umbrella term by which a total of 547 other conditions fall under. This list is only an overview of conditions, disorders and diseases and how the DWP lists the main disabilities being claimed for.
- Haematological Disease – 7,708
- Infectious disease – 11,631
- Malignant disease – 101,456
- Metabolic disease – 4,808
- Psychiatric disorders – 1,221,883
- Neurological disease – 416,439
- Visual disease – 57,692
- Hearing disorders – 34,962
- Cardiovascular disease – 85,584
- Gastrointestinal disease – 29,720
- Diseases of the liver, gallbladder, biliary tract -12,004
- Skin disease – 21,638
- Musculoskeletal disease (general) – 656,559
- Musculoskeletal disease (regional) – 389,027
- Autoimmune disease (connective tissue disorders) – 18,228
- Genitourinary disease – 25,113
- Endocrine disease – 42,572
- Respiratory disease – 137,472
- Multisystem and extremes of age – 1,283
- Diseases of the immune system – 1,112
- Unknown or missing – 10,279
- Total – 3,289,162
Even though PIP is being replaced in Scotland by Adult Disability Payment, it will follow the same eligibility criteria, but take a more ‘people-centric’ approach, according to Social Security Scotland.
What is PIP?
PIP is a benefit which is gradually replacing DLA. If you need extra help because of an illness, disability or mental health condition you could be eligible for PIP.
You will be assessed by a health professional to work out the level of help you can get and your rate will be reviewed to make sure you are getting the right support.
Who is eligible for PIP or ADP?
To be eligible for PIP or ADP, you must have a health condition or disability where you:
have had difficulties with daily living or getting around (or both) for 3 months
expect these difficulties to continue for at least 9 months
You usually need to have lived in the UK for at least two of the last three years and be in the country when you apply.
In addition to what we have outlined above if you get or need help with any of the following because of your condition, you should consider applying for PIP or ADP.
- preparing, cooking or eating food
- managing your medication
- washing, bathing or using the toilet
- dressing and undressing
- engaging and communicating with other people
- reading and understanding written information
- making decisions about money
- planning a journey or following a route
- moving around
There are different rules if you are terminally ill, you will find these on the GOV.UK website here.
DWP or Social Security Scotland will assess how difficult you find daily living and mobility tasks. For each task they will look at:
- whether you can do it safely
- how long it takes you
- how often your condition affects this activity
- whether you need help to do it, from a person or using extra equipment
How are PIP and ADP paid?
PIP and ADP are usually paid every four weeks unless you are terminally ill, in which case it is paid weekly. It will be paid directly into your bank, building society or credit union account. ADP is paid at the same rates as PIP.
What are the PIP and ADP payment rates?
You will need an assessment to work out the level of financial help you will receive and your rate will be regularly reviewed to make sure you are getting the right support.
PIP is made up of two components:
Whether you get one or both of these and how much depends on how severely your condition affects you.
You will be paid the following amounts per week depending on your circumstances:
Standard rate: £68.10
Enhanced rate: £101.75
Standard rate: £26.90
Enhanced rate: £71.00
How you are assessed
You will be assessed by an independent healthcare professional to help the DWP determine the level of financial support, if any, you need, for PIP.
Face-to-face consultations for health-related benefits are offered alongside video calls, telephone and paper-based assessments – it’s important to be aware that there is no choice here, it’s up to the health professional and DWP.
Adult Disability Payment assessments will not involve face-to-face assessments, unless this is preferred by the claimant – find out more about the changes here.
You can find out more about DWP PIP assessments here.
How do you make a claim for PIP?
You can make a new claim by contacting the DWP, you will find all the information you need to apply on the GOV.UK website here.
Before you call, you will need:
your contact details
your date of birth
your National Insurance number – this is on letters about tax, pensions and benefits
your bank or building society account number and sort code
your doctor or health worker’s name, address and telephone number
dates and addresses for any time you’ve spent abroad, in a care home or hospital
Even if you don’t qualify for financial support, you could be eligible for a National Entitlement Travel Card, which offers free or reduced travel across Scotland on most public transport links. For more information about PIP, visit GOV.UK here.
How to apply for Adult Disability Payment
People can apply ADP, over the phone, by post or in-person. To find out more or apply, visit the dedicated pages on mygov.scot here or call Social Security Scotland on 0800 182 2222.
To keep up to date with the latest disability benefits news, join our Money Saving Scotland Facebook page here, follow us on Twitter @Record_Money, or subscribe to our newsletter which goes out Monday to Friday – sign up here.